Pros and Cons of Becoming a Social Worker

Portions of the following article were drafted using an in-house natural language generation platform. The article was then reviewed, fact-checked, and edited by multiple members of our editorial team prior to publishing.


Written by: Jennifer Cuellar | Edited by: Diana Zaremba | Last Updated: March 2024

If you’re considering a social work career, you’re likely drawn to the idea of positively impacting the lives of individuals, families, and communities. But like any profession, social work comes with its own set of challenges and rewards. In this article, we’ll explore the pros and cons of becoming a social worker, the potential career paths, and the education and skills required for this profession.

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Understanding the Role of a Social Worker

Social workers play a role in helping individuals, groups, and families navigate and manage problems in their lives. Social workers work in a variety of settings, such as schools, healthcare, and human service agencies.

Social workers identify those in need, assess their needs and goals, assist them in adjusting to life changes, and advocate for community resources. Some social workers may also provide additional therapy services. Most social workers work full-time, and some may need to work evenings, weekends, and holidays.

The Pros of Becoming a Social Worker

While a career in social work can be challenging, it also has several advantages.

  • Making a Positive Impact: As a social worker, you can make a meaningful difference in people’s lives. You’ll assist individuals and families in overcoming difficulties and improving their circumstances, which can be incredibly rewarding.
  • Variety of Specializations: The field of social work offers a wide range of specializations, allowing you to focus on areas that interest you the most, such as child and family services, healthcare, mental health, or school social work.
  • Strong Job Outlook: Social workers are in demand. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that jobs in this field will grow 7% from 2022 to 2023, faster than the average occupation.
  • Personal Growth and Learning Opportunities: Social work provides numerous opportunities for personal growth and development. You’ll continually learn and adapt as you handle different situations and meet new clients, which helps keep the work interesting and engaging.

The Cons of Becoming a Social Worker

While social work can be a rewarding career, it also comes with its own set of challenges.

  • Emotional and Mental Strain: Social work can be emotionally draining. You’ll often work with individuals and families facing serious challenges, and these situations can take a toll on your mental and emotional health.
  • High Workload and Stress: Social workers often deal with high caseloads and tight deadlines, which can lead to stress and burnout. Additionally, the need to work outside of normal business hours can disrupt work-life balance.
  • Relative Low Pay: While social workers perform valuable and essential services, they don’t earn the highest salaries. According to the BLS, the median annual salary for a social worker is $55,530 as of 2022. However, the top 10% of earners make $87,300 a year.
  • Frequent Encounters with Trauma: Many social workers regularly work with clients who have experienced trauma. This exposure can lead to secondary or vicarious trauma, which can impact a social worker’s mental health.

Career Paths and Opportunities in Social Work

Social work offers various career paths and opportunities. Here are a few specializations you might consider:

Healthcare Social Work

Healthcare social workers support patients and their families, helping them navigate the healthcare system and cope with diagnoses and treatments.

Child and Family Social Work

Child and family social workers work with children and families in stressful and potentially harmful situations. They may work in schools, government agencies, or private practices.

School Social Work

School social workers work in educational settings, helping students deal with problems affecting their academic performance or social and emotional development.

Mental Health and Substance Use Social Work

These social workers support individuals dealing with mental health conditions or substance use problems. They may provide therapy, help clients access resources, and coordinate treatment plans.

Education and Skills Required to be a Social Worker

Becoming a social worker requires a bachelor’s or master’s degree from an accredited program. Clinical social workers also need a license to practice.

Required Degrees and Licenses

To become a social worker, you must earn a bachelor’s degree in social work (BSW) or a related field. However, some roles, such as those in clinical or healthcare settings, may require a master’s degree in social work (MSW). Additionally, all states require that clinical social workers be licensed, and some states require licensing for non-clinical social workers.

Essential Skills for a Successful Social Worker

Social workers need various skills to succeed, including strong interpersonal skills, problem-solving abilities, and the capacity to work well under pressure. They also need empathy and to manage their time and resources effectively.

Frequently Asked Questions About Social Work

Being a social worker offers various employment opportunities, the chance to help others, and a positive job outlook. However, the role also comes with stress, potentially high caseloads, demanding hours, and significant educational requirements.